Vienna is such a great city to visit in Europe as it houses different attractions and destinations that perfectly suits any kind of getaways. Hence, while in the city there are so many things that could be done. Boredom will never be felt in the city, with this regard, according to tourists who already went to the city, the must thing to do in Vienna is to visit the Naturhistoriches Musuem. For them this is a museum that features great art collections and animals that comes from so many years ago, which are absolutely great to familiar with.
The Naturhistorisches Museum Vienna is house in magnificent neo-Renaissance structure located near Museum of Fine Art, which is being considered as the world’ third biggest natural history museum and having the oldest collections. The place was first established by Empress Maria Theresa husband during the year 1748, wherein he also donated one of his chief art objects, which is the personal gift of is his wife to him during his death. The museum as well as houses important collection of artifacts during the early Stone Age, the most prominent is Venus of Willendorf.
The museum is also called in the city as NHMW. The collection of the museum is exhibit on 8700 square meters area. In order for tourists to have brief overview about the place, the museum has their own website which serves as video virtual tour.
Naturhistorisches Museum is identified as one of the most essential museums in the world and having the artifacts of earliest collections that exists 250 years ago. There are about 20 million of objects that are scientifically preserved.
Museum of natural history of Vienna main building is an elaborate palace that accommodates the growing collections from the first day it was opened to public during the year 1889 as Imperial Natural History Museum. But, a few of the collections were already moved to older buildings like the Hofbibliothek that contains the Zoology Cabinet collections. The building interaction, the decoration of ornate, furniture and treasured exhibits make the place a museum for cultural historical preservation. Well-known and exceptional exhibits, for example the Diplodocus dinosaur and the Venus of Willendorf that ages 25,000 years and the further extinct animal and plant specimens from 200 million years ago like the Steller sea-cow are exhibit on 39 halls. The contemporary presentation through modern exhibition technology was made possible without the historical destruction inside the building.
The upper floor of the museum acquires valuable stones and minerals that could be viewed together with huge dinosaur displays and unusual fossils, together with prehistoric masterpieces. Giant topaz that weighs 258 lb, Diplodocus skeleton, Venus von Willedorf and jewels collection made by Maria Theresa as gifts to her husband are could be seen in this floor. On the museum first floor, wide array of species in the animal world are exhibit. Visitors could see species from protozoa, insects to fully developed mammals. The objects aging 200 years are one of the great interests inside the museum, not only to the place own account but as well as to historical record for art of taxidermy and history of science. Lots of species stuffed animals either extinct or tremendously endangered, turns the collection to be totally exceptional. In visiting the place, signs and explanations of the things inside the museum are written in German language only.
In visiting these one of the well-visited sites in Vienna, it is vital to know its history. With this, you will learn that aside from the great exhibits that the place offers, it also has a great history that makes it a worthy place to visit at while in the city.
Naturhistorisches Museum History
The one of the renowned museums in Vienna was opened during the year 1889 along with Kunsthistorisches Musuem. These two museums actually obtain identical exteriors and facing each other across the Maria Theresien-Platz. It was constructed in order to hold Habsburgs vast collection. The two buildings are both constructed during the year 1872 and 1891 on Ringstrasse based from the plan made by Karl Freiherr Hasenauer and Gottfried Semper.
The collection of insect that dated from the year 1793 was purchased by Franz 1 from Joseph Natterer, Sr. scientific collections. During the year 1806, the museum purchased European insect collections that are made by Megerle and Johann Carl Megerle von Muhlfeld. They are also the first insect’s curator. He as well as organized the buying of European butterflies Gundian collection. However, these collections having the specimens of Mergeles were ruined in October 1848 at the time of Hofburg fire, but the journey of Johann to Brazil resulted to a vast improvement of the collections. There are about 60,000 of insects was able to escaped the fire from the museum.
During the year 1859, SMS Novara came back from world voyage together with Georg Ritter and Johann Zelebor, the entire insects were associated in Vienna collection. The people who work for it were Alois Friedrich Rogenhofer, R. Felder, C. Felder, Ignaz Rudolph, Gustav Mayr, Henri Louis Frederic de Saussure, Friedrich Moritz and Ludwig Redtenbacher.
The present organization of the museum started from the year 1876. The people who contributed for the museum to be very popular at this moment are Anton Handlirsch, Brauer, Maidl and Carl Tschek, Franz Friedrich Kohl, Josef Johann Mann, Josef Emanula Fischer, Hans Rebel, Rpgenhofer, Karld Holdhaus and Ganglbauer. Because of these people, the museum now is not only renowned in the city but also all over the world. That is why; most of the tourists in the city visit this place.
If you find yourself in the city of Vienna, visiting the museums of the city will definitely let you gain learning and understanding about the place. Museums in Vienna are filled with exhibits that exceptionally acquire great history and learning. In addition, the museums are also housed in buildings that are greatly constructed. Hence, with this, the museums are not only the attractions but as well as the place where it is located.